Jméno

prof. Dr. Ivo Feussner

Instituce Albrecht-von-Haller Institute for Plant Sciences
Pozice Professor
Adresa Ernst-Caspari-Building,
Dept. of Plant Biochemistry
Justus-von-Liebig-Weg 11
D-37077 Goettingen, Germany
Kontaktní telefony Kancelář: +49-(0)551-39 5743,
Kontaktní email
Osobní web
Popis Major Research Interests

The group is currently studying different aspects of the lipid metabolism of plants, algae, mosses and fungi. In this context we are primarily interested in the metabolism of structural lipids and lipid-derived signal transduction processes. For this purpose, we make use of both classical techniques as analytical chemistry and biochemistry as well as of modern approaches in the area of molecular genetics, including the generation of transgenic organisms („gain-of-function“) or mutants („loss-of-function“). 

Biochemistry and function of oxylipin metabolism:
We are interested in physiological functions of lipid peroxidation processes. Thus we analyze the function of specific lipoxygenases, i.e. the role of their products, so-called oxylipins (oxygenated fatty acid derivatives), as signals or defence substances during biotic and abiotic stress. Therefore, lipid peroxidation reactions are analysed in general by metabolomic approaches and more specifically by studying the biosynthesis of aldehydes (fruit aromas), hydroxy fatty acids and divinyl ether fatty acids (plant defence). Other studies deal with the role of oxylipins in plants, mosses and algae as well as in the interaction of Aspergillus nidulans with seeds and the infection of roots with Verticillium longisporum. In addition the catalytic mechanism of lipoxygenases and related dioxygenases is analysed.

Biochemistry of the biosynthesis of structural lipids:
Even in plants a huge number of different fatty acids are found. We are interested in enzymes which introduce new functionalities (i.e. double bonds at unusual positions or conjugated double bonds) in the fatty acid backbone in order to obtain new seed oils for biotechnological, nutritional and medical purposes. Moreover we study the biochemical pathways or networks that led to an increase in the seed oil content of oilseed crop plants. Two other projects deal with the biochemistry and function of sphingolipids in plants and fungi as well as with wax ester forming enzymes. In addition we aim to identify chemical signals by metabolomics approaches that are exchanged during the infection between Verticillium longisporum and Arabidopsis thaliana.
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